This zone is one we visit fairly infrequently – perhaps only 2-4 times per season! There is a lot that can happen in this zone, but it is also probable that many people, especially those in an urban/suburban, will not even have a zone 3.
Zone 3 may encompass several components of your site, or it may not exist at all. This is because the main items you might find in zone three are things like nut trees, field crops and perhaps livestock pasture. Each of these items are here because you would only interact with them sparingly.
Nut Trees – Taking up nearly none of your time – only for harvest and pruning – these trees remain close enough to zone zero for you to harvest as need be, but far enough away so that wildlife can interact more with them as well.
If you are interested in nut trees, but the thought of 40-100 feet tall walnut or pecan trees is all that comes to mind, consider almonds. Almonds are a great nut (my personal favorite) and you can grow them in nearly any back yard. At only about 15 feet tall and wide, you should be able to add this wonderfully flowering tree into your landscape.
Field Crops – These are the crops that you are growing in a large enough scale, or that need such a long growing period, that you do not have them in your garden or food forest. Some examples might include:
ANY other crop that you grow in this manner
Water – Water for animal use or general water storage can be accomplished in this zone.
Any body of water you do not have to maintain regularly can fit into this area. Perhaps it is a pond that you would use as a reservoir for emergency water needs. Perhaps it is a water hole for your pastured animals.
Pasture – Animals whose pasture is rotated or generally maintained will be in this zone. If your pasture is large and not sectioned off for rotation, such as with Mob Stocking, then your pasture will not be in this zone.
Mob Stocking is the human way to imitate how herds of animals naturally graze and migrate. The animals are packed in a fairly close area, but are rotated frequently between areas. Just like a tightly packed herd grazing across the plains, they do a lot of work in a small area, but they do not stick around for a long time. Using electric fencing is one cost effective way to manage your herd.